Category Archives for "Harmonies"

Dec 18

The time of Jehoshaphat

By Mark Morgan | Harmonies , Jehoshaphat

Bible records in the times of Jehoshaphat

Background

King David ruled over a united kingdom of Israel, made up of the 12 tribes that had entered “the Promised Land” – the land which is still called Israel today, although at that time it included extra areas now claimed by the Palestinians and Jordan.

After David’s death, his son Solomon became king and expanded the kingdom even further – but in his later life he was led away from worshipping God into idolatry. In response, God said that the kingdom would be split in two in the reign of his son. This happened when Solomon died and his son Rehoboam became king. A man called Jeroboam led a rebellion and the nation was split into two smaller nations: Israel, made up of ten tribes with Jeroboam as their king, and Judah, made up of two tribes with Rehoboam as their king.

From that time on until the destruction of Israel by Assyria, the two nations swung like a pendulum between open war and a troubled co-existence. It was during this time that Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah, and he followed in the godly footsteps of David his ancestor (2 Chronicles 17:3).

Yet Jehoshaphat had a problem: he was too tolerant. Throughout his reign over Judah he kept looking for partnerships and friendship with the kingdom of Israel, despite the fact that Israel was deeply idolatrous. He even made a marriage alliance with Ahab, king of Israel, arranging for Jehoshaphat’s son Jehoram to marry Ahab’s daughter Athaliah. This unholy alliance almost caused the complete destruction of the kingdom of Judah within 30 years.

This is also the setting for the work of the prophets Elijah and Elisha.

Parallel records from Kings and Chronicles

Continue reading

May 27

Harmony of Bible records of the Roman trial and subsequent crucifixion of Jesus

By Admin | Harmonies , Jesus

Harmony of Jesus' trial and crucifixion:

The need for a harmony

In many of the events recorded in the Bible, details are written in more than one place.  For example, details of the reign of many kings are recorded in both Kings and Chronicles and sometimes in one or more prophets also.

When we are writing Bible-based fiction, we always want to make sure that our stories match the details given in the Bible and sometimes that requires the harmonisation of more than one record. Continue reading

Jul 06

Events around the birth of Jesus

By Mark Morgan | Harmonies , Jesus

Birth of Jesus (http://freebibleimages.org/illustrations/christmas-jesus-birth/ Slide 15)

Events around the birth of Jesus

We are given quite a bit of detail surrounding the birth of Jesus and his early life in the gospels of Matthew (Matthew 1:18-2:23) and Luke (Luke 2:1-52), but there is little overlap in the details given.  Putting the two together as a parallel record can help us understand when various events took place.Continue reading

Jul 06

Harmony of Bible records in the time of Jeremiah

By Mark Morgan | Harmonies , Jeremiah

Jeremiah on the ruins of Jerusalem

Harmony of Bible records in the time of Jeremiah

(Last revised 9 January 2020)

The Bible passages which record events in the times around the life of Jeremiah are as follows:

  • 2 Kings 22-25
  • 2 Chronicles 33-36
  • Jeremiah
  • Lamentations
  • Ezekiel
  • Daniel
  • Habakkuk
  • Zephaniah

Parallel records from Kings and Chronicles

The records in Kings and Chronicles interleave very easily, so they are best shown in a table by themselves from the time of Manasseh through to the events immediately after the destruction of Jerusalem. Some small sections of Jeremiah and Ezra are also included in places where they provide detail missing in one of the records.

The kings of Judah referred to in this synchronisation are:

  • Manasseh (son of Hezekiah)
  • Amon (son of Manasseh)
  • Josiah (son of Amon)
  • Jehoahaz (also known as Shallum; son of Josiah)
  • Jehoiakim (known as Eliakim before he became king; son of Josiah)
  • Jehoiachin (also known as Coniah or Jeconiah; son of Jehoiakim)
  • Zedekiah (known as Mattaniah before he became king; son of Josiah)

Continue reading